The use of Quarter-Staff (Stick) in fighting and recreation seems to have been in existence in some form or the other in almost all countries of the world in all times. However, the mode and style of play vary from state to state.

            In India, stick handling techniques are called Silambam. Silambam is an old Martial and Folk art practice. It has been very popular for centuries. Since this art originated in Tamilnadu (One of the states in India), we can find so much of evidence in Tamil literatures like Purananooru, Agasthiar Kambu Suthiram and some other minor literary pieces. Silambam is considered as one of the 64 arts of ancient period, thereby we say it is the mother of all martial arts with unique techniques and practices. In Sangam era, the kings who ruled Dravidanadu greatly patronized this combative art. It was used during warfare.


In modern times, Silambam has three types. They are as follows:-

  1. Silambam for SELF DEFENCE from enemies and wild animals.
  2. Silambam for DEMONSTRATION or RECREATION during Festivals, important occasions etc.,
  3. Silambam in SPORT. Unlike other sports activities, Silambam is performed with certain rules and regulations.


           The wielding of Silambam has developed into a highly sophisticated art with numerous skills. Therapeutic effects, developing strength, health and promoting alertness are attained in the practice of Silambam.